KS1 Islam


Allah as the One True God:

  • The Creator
  • Provider of all good things

Key figures

Messengers of Allah:

  • Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)
  • Ibrahim (Abraham)

Place of worship: Mosque

Building where Muslims meet

Daily prayer

Wudu (washing) before prayers

Birth rites (aqiqah)

Symbols and artefacts found in a mosque

People with a special role (imam)

Holy Book: The Qur’an

  • The book revealed to Muhammad (pbuh)
  • Treated with respect

Stories from the life of Muhammad (pbuh) and Ibrahim

Muslim way of life

Makkah has always been a special for Muslims; Muslims live all over the world, but when they pray they face towards Makkah in Saudi Arabia

Muslims believe in:

  • Five Pillars
  • respect for others

Key festival:

  • Eid-ul-Fitr – at the end of Ramadan (the month of fasting)

KS2 Islam


Tawhid (Oneness of Allah)

99 names of Allah

Place of worship: Mosque

Role of the mosque as a social, religious, educational and welfare centre feeding the poor and needy

Ummah (brotherhood)

Holy book: The Qur’an

Qur’an and stories about how the Qur’an was revealed

Hadith - the record of the sayings and actions of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) …...

Muslims recognise that God has given other books such as the Scrolls of Ibrahim, Tawrah (Torah), Zabur (Book of Psalms), Injil (Gospel)

Muslim way of life

Sunnah - Muslim way of life based on teachings of Muhammad (pbuh)

Five Pillars of Islam:

  • Shahadah - “There is no god except Allah, Muhammad (pbuh) is the Messenger of Allah”
  • Salah - prayer five times daily
  • Sawm – fasting, dawn to sunset during the month of Ramadan as commanded by Allah
  • Zakah - giving to charity
  • Hajj - pilgrimage to Makkah; Muslims are obliged to go once in a lifetime if able
  • Eid ul Adha

Muslims believe in:

  • keeping dietary requirements
  • importance of family life
  • importance of cleanliness
  • importance of patience
  • signs of Allah’s creation through nature
  • human beings as the best of Allah’s creation
  • Allah’s guidance through messengers (angels - Jibril/Gabriel) and books
  • prophets of God, especially Muhammad (pbuh) plus Musa, Isa
  • Day of Judgement and the afterlife

KS3 Islam


Attributes of Allah

The importance of the Tawhid and how it permeates all thought and practice

Key figures:

Muhammad (pbuh) the final prophet:

  • imparter of Divine revelation and establisher of the Ummah
  • his life as a model for Muslims

Twenty-five Prophets (peace be upon them) mentioned in Quran:

  • transmit revelation
  • set an example, ideals to live by


Place of worship: Mosque

Role of the mosque in the community including Madrasa

Sacred Writings: Qur’an and Hadith

Qu’ran as the final revelation:

  • the unchanging nature of the Qur’an
  • structure, compilation and commentaries
  • main source for Sharai’ah (Islamic law)


  • compilation and commentaries

Muslim way of life

Issues relating to the practice of Islam in a non-Muslim environment 


  • effects on everyday life

Islamic culture:

  • contribution of Islam to society, the arts, and the role of women

Key Festivals:

  • Ramadan
  • Eid ul Fitr


  • Jumu’ah - Friday congregational salah, du’a (prayers of supplication) to give thanks, ask for forgiveness and prayer for others

Muslim social, moral and ethical issues:

  • distinctive features of the home
  • conduct of family members, relationships, roles and responsibilities
  • hygiene, diet, modesty
  • sexual relationships only permissible within marriage

Key beliefs:

  • The Five Pillars of Islam - their influence on the life of the Muslim
  • Akhirah - life after death, life is a trial and preparation for the hereafter, deeds recorded by the angels, accountable to Allah for all actions, day of judgement, rewards of paradise, punishment of hell
  • Jihad - personal struggle in the way of Allah, campaign for the truth, helping the oppressed, defence of the faith
  • peace through obedience to Allah
  • created from one soul and mutually interdependent
  • diversity of Ummah

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